Is there a bee infestation in my house? How can I know for sure?
Bees are usually searching for hollow areas or cornered and quiet spaces to build their hives steadily to efficiently carry out their pollination function.
Where do different types of bees build their hives?
You can safely eliminate the possibility of an infestation of bumble-bees in your house. This is because they nest their hives close to the ground in an exposed area to allow them to move and work flexibly.
2. Honey Bee
The most common type of beehive that you might find in your house will be a honey bee hive. They tend to look for drywalls, and dark corners to nest their hives in. This behavioural pattern makes it arduous to locate them, as they may very well have camouflaged into the background.
The reason for building their homes here relates to them trying to feed their hives with honey and protect their queen.
An Interesting fact is that honey bees live in colonies and are not isolated hives like carpenter bees and bumblebees.
Honey bees are community-centred species which are ready to die for their hives (quite literally).
You might also sometimes find beehives in the hollows of trees or barks.
However, if you find them hanging freely from the branches, it may be a swarm. Swarms are broken beehives that are looking for a new place to nest their hives in.
In case you locate a swarm around you, you should stay away from them and call a professional to get them removed. When the bees are in swarms, they are trying to protect their hives from a possible threat.
How do bees function?
Bees are incredibly hard-working kinds and dedicate their whole lives into saving their homes and protecting their queen.
Interestingly, the honey that we get from beehives is actually what keeps bees alive as well. They thrive on the very thing that they produce.
A honey bee hive is a maze full of 100,000 interwoven hexagons made of wax, and within these cells, honey is stored and produced.
Bees can make the wax from the enzyme produced in their bellies and is then churned with their saliva, which comes out from the pores on their bodies to create their hives.
As you can see, a lot of hard work goes into making their hives, which is why they ferociously defend it.
Signs that there is a beehive in your house
1. Excessive bees
The first sign is a lot of bees buzzing around your house.
Bees may be good for pollination, but they are far from being helpful when they are swarming around your house.
The situation becomes dire once there are kids and pets in the house. They are most likely to be stung on multiple occasions due to their lack of knowledge regarding honey bees’ poisonous stings.
What’s worse is if someone in your residence is allergic to bee stings. In that case, once they are stung by a bee, they may develop a condition called anaphylaxis, which is life-threatening.
2. Hives hanging from walls
Another sure sign that your house is infested by bees is when you spot active hives hanging from your walls.
Usually, bees will aim for a place that is cornered and dark. This is a typical behavioural pattern associated with bees when they require privacy and space.
In case there are a lot of bees buzzing around your face all day, you can expect there to be a beehive around the corners of your house. They will usually set up camp on corners of the walls like your garage, or an extra storeroom.
3. Dark patches on walls
Another sure sign of a bee infestation in your house could be dark patches on your walls. These dark patches appear on your walls because of the honey from the hive that sticks to the walls.
Dark patches do not appear on the side of the beehive but will appear on the opposite side of the wall if they are thin.
4. A disturbed pet
Pets like dogs can always sense when there is danger around, and bees are no friends to our best friends.
If a bee is buzzing around the household, your dog will sense it as a threat and will try to stop it from hurting the other family members by attempting to bite them.
This poses a double-threat situation because bees will also sense this as a threat and sting your dog, straight in the mouth. If your dog is allergic to bee stings, its life may soon be hanging by a thread.
That is why it is a wise decision to never keep pets and bees in the same vicinity.
Signs that an infestation is becoming life-threatening
Usually, bee-keepers are against the idea of destroying beehives if there is no real threat.
This is because bee populations are rapidly declining, and all the pollination activities that they carry out may soon come to a grinding halt.
Given this, if there is no real danger of a beehive in your compound, there is no need to get rid of the hive.
If the bees are continually stinging and getting aggressive, it is time to relocate them elsewhere.