The Jade plant is also known as the Money Plant because people believe it brings prosperity and luck. But the main reason why people love them is because they are so small and adorable! If you love jade plants and want to grow lots of them at home, or if you’d like to gift them to your friends and family, then you can grow them easily by a technique known as propagation.
Though the name of the technique sounds quite technical it is extremely easy to perform. Don’t get discouraged! Fear not, the jade plant is the easiest to propagate. In this article, you will learn how to propagate a jade plant with a step-by-step guide.
There are two main ways by which you can propagate a jade plant:
If you want fast results you should perform propagation with stem cuttings as it is much quicker. But you will have much more fun in propagating a leaf cutting.
However, it doesn’t really matter which method you choose as both of them are simple and bring amazing results. The only thing you should be careful about is the environment as the jade plant grows best in summer.
Equipment | Supplies needed
You don’t need a bunch of expensive tools for propagating a jade plant. However, you would require a few essentials.
- A mature jade plant
- Sharp knife or a pair of clippers
- Succulent soil mix (you can make your own by mixing coarse sand, perlite, and potting soil)
- Clay or plastic pots (the size of the pot should be 3-4 inches in diameter and not more than that)
- Rooting hormone
How to propagate a jade plant from stem cuttings
The stem cutting method is the fastest way for growing a jade plant. Therefore, the next time you’re pruning your jade plant save the cuttings for propagation. If that isn’t possible you can make your own stem cutting by following the instructions given below.
How to take cuttings
You should perform the stem cutting 2-3 days prior to propagation so that the wound of the stem has enough time to dry, as wet wounds attract pests and cause infections. Furthermore, the length of the stem needs to be at least 1-3 inches in length. Therefore, It’s better to mark the point from where you want to cut, to avoid any error.
Preparing jade plants cutting for propagation
Place the stem cutting in a sunny place so that it drys properly. You don’t need to worry about drying the wound in the summer season, however, it is crucial in the winter season. In case the stem has some extra leaves you can remove the ones on the wounded end as there is a great chance that roots will appear from those leaf joints.
- Use a sharp knife or clippers for cutting
- Clean the knife/clippers before cutting with rubbing alcohol or soap to avoid infecting the plant or stem.
- Cut a 1-3 inch stem that has thick leaves.
- Remove the extra leaves on the stem.
- Allow it to dry in a sunny place till the wound appears firm and light coloured.
How to propagate Jade plant from leaf cuttings
Do not throw away the leaves you removed from the stem cutting as those leaves can also be used for propagation. And even if you don’t have a stem of the proper size you can still use the leaves. This propagation method might take a few weeks but the results will blow your mind. Here are a few instructions that need to be followed strictly.
How to take leaf cuttings
You need to select healthy leaves for propagation because damaged leaves increase the risk of pest attacks and infections. While cutting you should try to get as much leaf stem as you can because without it the leaf-cutting will not form roots.
Preparing a jade leaf for propagation
Before rooting the leaves you need to dry them for a few days, but not too much as they might wither.
- Use a sharp knife or clippers for cutting
- Select a healthy leaf of your jade plant so you have more chances of success
- Cut the leaf near to the base, so you have the maximum stem of the leaf
- Allow the leaves to dry for 2-3 days but don’t overdo the drying process
How to root jade plant cuttings in soil
Once you have prepared the cuttings for propagation then it’s time to root. The rooting process is almost the same for both leaf and stem cutting. This process can be divided into 4 steps. Let us explain each step briefly.
Dust jade cuttings in rooting hormone
For faster and better growth of the jade plant, you should use a rooting hormone. This hormone aids the plant in growing roots, which is why it’s extensively used in propagation. Therefore, you will have a better chance for success when you apply this to the cutting. All you need to do is to dust the rooting ends and leaf joint with the rooting hormone.
If you can’t find a rooting hormone, you can also make your own from some natural ingredients which are available in almost every home such as.
- Take a tablespoon of cinnamon powder and place it on a paper towel
- Make the cutting end moist
- Coat the cutting end with the cinnamon powder on all sides properly
Apple cider vinegar
- Take 5 to 6 cups of water in a large bowl
- Add only a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar
- Dip the rooting end it the mixture but don’t soak it completely
- Boil two cups of water
- Put a tablespoon of pure organic honey in water
- Mix it properly
- When the mixture cools down apply it to the rooting end
Fill the container with soil
Choose a suitable container for the jade plant. You can choose both clay and plastic containers but if you tend to overwater your jade plant, it’s better to use a clay pot because it has better drainage.
After selecting your preferred pot you need to fill it with the succulent soil mix. It’s easy to make your own soil mix by mixing coarse sand, perlite, and potting soil.
Make a hole in the soil for stem
You don’t want to make a really big hole in the soil, so it’s better to use a pencil or your finger to make a hole. Place the cutting in the hole and then cover the hole with soil. Gently press the soil so the stem cutting doesn’t fall.
- Move jade cutting to a protected area
Jade plant likes a hot and humid environment with good ventilation, but that doesn’t mean you should put it directly under the sun. You can place it in an area that has some shade in your garden.
Tips and tricks to maintain the new plants
- Watering is the most tricky part of maintaining a jade plant. Watering too much can kill the plant. Avoid watering the plant until it forms roots, but in case the soil seems excessively dry you can water it lightly with a spraying bottle. The soak and dry method is the best for watering the jade plant.
- We will also advise you to place a glass or plastic starter dome over the jade plant so it remains protected from humidity.
- Once the roots have successfully developed you can treat the new plant as a mature jade. When you feel like the roots have fully grown you can also plant them in a bigger pot.