Succulents are plants that are resistant to drought due to their ability to store water in their leaves, stems, and roots. They usually appear thick, fleshy, and swollen due to storing water. These plants can really enhance the beauty of the house as they look highly pleasing to the eye. Mostly they are kept in pots and placed on the bookshelves and window ledges.
You can also add a few succulents to your garden to make it a bit more charming.
Succulents can bear almost every climate. They don’t require a lot of attention, but it is essential to provide them with a suitable habitat for their healthy growth. This article will talk about the tips and tricks that will help you care for your succulents.
Caring for Succulents in Pots Outdoors
Even though succulents don’t require a lot of attention, it is still important to keep a few things in mind to increase the chances of survival for your succulents.
Perfect Climate for Growing Succulents
Succulents prefer a warm and dry climate, and thus the best temperature for growing succulents lies between 16 – 27 °C. Some succulents can also tolerate temperatures as high as 32°C or as low as 4 °C. Too high temperatures may cause a colour change. Gardeners sometimes intentionally keep succulents under high temperatures to change their colours.
Well Drained and Airy Soil
You can’t grow succulents in every type of soil. Succulents should be planted in well-drained and airy soil so the excess water can be drained and the succulent can easily spread its roots. If the soil is not well-drained, it can cause root rot.
Sandy soil is the best in this case because it is well-drained and airy. But keep in mind that it’s better to use coarse sand rather than the fine sand you find on beaches, otherwise the water will simply drain away before the roots have a chance to absorb it.
Succulents are usually safe from pests, but they can be attacked by the mealybug. These bugs are wingless and white in colour. They like to feed on thick and juicy plants, which makes succulents their favourite food. You can prevent these pests from harming your succulents by following these tips.
- Succulents should be kept dry, and their soil should not be wet as it attracts more pests
- Get rid of the dead leaves to prevent bugs from feasting on them and also to avoid moulds
- Don’t reuse the soil of the infected plant
- Use fertilizers to keep your succulent healthy
Overwatering your succulent might kill it, so be careful while watering your succulent. Succulents don’t require a lot of water, and they should not be kept in wet soil for too long. This is why it is crucial to have well-drained soil.
Taking them Indoors
Frost season isn’t good for the succulents because the soil gets really wet. It is advisable to take your succulents indoors before the frost season. You should check for dead leaves and mealybugs and get rid of them before taking your succulents indoors. Once you have taken your succulents in, you should keep them in a room that receives a lot of sunshine, and if that’s not possible, you should invest in glow lights.
Tips that will help you Grow Succulents Anywhere
Some general tips will help you grow succulents almost anywhere in this world. Follow these tips to grow a happy and healthy succulent.
Choosing the Right Plant
A succulent should be chosen according to the climate in which it would be kept. Some succulents grow better indoors, while others prefer an outdoor environment. If you live somewhere where the weather is cold or wet, you should buy succulents that grow better indoors. If you want to grow succulents outdoors, you should have a warm and dry climate, but keep in mind the amount of sunlight they would need, as too much sunlight may change their colour and even harm them.
Tweaking the Soil
The right soil mix is essential for the growth of the succulents. The type of soil mix may vary according to the climate. You don’t want your succulent to die of thirst, neither do you want it to drown in water due to the type of soil. You need to make adjustments in the soil to make it suitable for your succulents.
Choosing a Suitable Pot
The pot’s type and size also play a vital role in succulent growth and health. You should choose pots with good drainage, such as shallow clay or concrete pots, standard pots, and birdbaths. Succulents have a slow growth rate, and thus they don’t require large pots.
The Right Amount of Sunshine
Succulents like being in the sun and show lovely colours when they get enough sunlight. But be careful as too much sunlight can also be harmful to the succulents. The succulents that are kept indoors sometimes don’t receive enough sunlight. It is better to keep them in a sunny room and near windows which receive a fair amount of sun.
Know When to Water
Succulents like to have a good drink of water and then dry for a while. Thus, it means that you should water thoroughly but less often. It is advisable to water succulents after 7 – 14 days in summer and 3 – 4 weeks in winter.